He is reputed to be one of the world's most repressive and eccentric leaders who vowed to rule The Gambia for a "billion years".
Following the presidential election 10 days ago, Yahya Jammeh shocked many by accepting defeat to his rival Adama Barrow.
Jammeh's conciliation was seen as the start of a new era of democracy in the smallest nation in mainland Africa.
Now it appears Jammeh won't be relinquishing power at all.
Will his demand for a new election mean chaos and instability? And how can a peaceful transfer of power be achieved?
Presenter: Adrian Finighan
Halifa Sallah - Spokesman for Gambian President-elect Adama Barrow
Jeffrey Smith - Executive Director of Vanguard Africa
Murtala Touray - West Africa analyst